• 15th Floor, NHIF Building

    Ragati Road

  • info@watertowers.go.ke

    +254 (0)20-2711437, Ext.1725

  • Mon - Fri 8.00 - 17.00

    Sat & Sun closed


    Co-ordinated Water Towers Conservation

Kenya Water Towers Agency (KWTA) is a State Corporation under the Ministry of Environment and Forestry established in 2012 through Kenya Gazette Supplement No. 27, Legal Notice No. 27 of 20th April 2012. The Agency is mandated to coordinate and oversee the protection, rehabilitation, conservation and sustainable management of all the critical water towers in Kenya. Water towers support socio-economic development, which is a major pillar of Vision 2030, specifically by supporting generation of electricity, industrial development, irrigation, agriculture, wildlife, tourism, and health as well as conservation of biodiversity, indigenous knowledge and research.

These water towers continue to face excessive pressure resulting from increased human population and associated demand for natural resources. This manifests in encroachment, deforestation, loss of biodiversity, and land degradation. Additionally, Water towers face climate and human related threats including frequent droughts, floods, forest fires and settlements (both legal and illegal). As part of addressing these challenges, the Agency urges all Kenyans, government and Non-Governmental Organizations to partner in conserving water towers by adopting a water tower or a block of forest in a water tower.

This Department focuses on providing information on the status of water towers. The information is utilized in determining resource allocation for reclamation, restoration, rehabilitation and community livelihood interventions needed.   The Department also specializes on spatial analysis of land use, land cover changes and hydrological analysis of water towers in Kenya 

The function of this Department is to establish partnership opportunities in water towers conservation, mobilize resources and develop sustainable nature-based enterprises. Some of the key projects implemented by this Department include installing biogas systems, solar power projects, briquette making machines, water harvesting tanks, beekeeping projects, commercial tree nurseries and hay production.

This is the Department that undertakes reclamation, restoration and rehabilitation of water towers in Kenya. The activities include moving people out of the water towers, tree planting and gully rehabilitations. It also focuses on protecting the water towers by ensuring that Joint Enforcement Units (JEU) perform their functions effectively. 

Frequently Asked Questions

What is a Water Tower?

Water towers encompass upland areas with characteristics to support reception, infiltration, percolation and storage of rainfall and gradually releases it into a drainage basin.

Water towers vary in size, shape, drainage pattern and features that are determined by natural processes, particularly geology, soil, climate and vegetation cover. Riparian reserves is an integral part of the water towers ecosystem.

What is the procedure of water tower Gazettement?

What are the consequences of interfering with water catchment Areas?

Floods; Loss of wealth; Successive crop failure; Climatic Change; Diminished Natural Capital

How will KWTA intervene in the conservation of the water towers?

KWTA aims to improve the quality and quantity of ecosystems services provided by Kenya’s water towers. KWTA main objectives is to secure Kenya’s water supply for the present and future generations as there is no life without water. Kenya also focuses on achieving the …